Sawai Madhopur was built as a planned city by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I of Jaipur on 19 January 1763, who named the township after himself. On 19 January, Sawai Madhopur celebrates its foundation day. Sawai Madhopur is the Land of Tiger of Rajasthan, is situated between Latitude: 26.037777 and Longitude: 76.352151. Sawai Madhopur District has an area of 4498 km².It is bounded by Dausa District on the north, Karauli District on the northeast, Jaipur District on the northwest, the Chambal River on east across the border of Madhya Pradesh state, Kota District on the southeast, Bundi District on the south, and Tonk District on the west. The city has witnessed several changes of ruling dynasties and kings. It was initially under the control of the Rajput Emperor of Chauhan dynasty, Raja Hammir Dev. Later the city was invaded and taken over by the forces of Alauddin Khilji, and the whole infrastructure was ruined. Currently, Sawai Madhopur is known for several historic and natural sites in and around the city, the prominent ones being the nearby Ranthambore National Park and the Ranthambore Fort, around 11 km from the main city. The city is home to a number of tourist attractions of historical, archaeological and religious importance and also a few sightseeing spots like Ranthambore National Park,Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary, and Rameshwaram Ghat. The major historical sites in and around the city are the Ranthambore Fort, the Handar Fort and Sameton ki Haveli. Sawai Madhopur is full of temples and shrines of religious significance, the major ones being Amareshwar Mahadeo Temple, Chamatkarji Jain Temple, Kaila Devi Temple, Chauth Mata Temple and the famous Shri Mahaveerji Temple. These attractions transport visitors to the glorious years of Indian history and show them the rich culture of Rajasthan.
- How to reach Sawai Madhopur-
Sawai Madhopur is well connected to major Indian cities by road and rail network. Tourists wishing to avail air transport will have to catch a flight to Jaipur, the nearest airport at a distance of 154 Km. from Sawai Madhopur.
Festival-Sawai Madhopur Utsav is the celebration of the Foundation day of the city of Sawai Madhopur on 19th January, the day on which the city of Sawai Madhopur was established by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I in 1763. Since then, every year, the day is celebrated as the foundation day by the locals of the city. The Utsav is envisioned as a festival of the rich heritage, culture, art & craft of the region, to enhance a sense of pride in the local citizens about their history and culture. National and International dignitaries and tourists partake in the Utsav.The 2- day celebration includes workshops, competitions, exhibition, rally, marathon, performances, etc. The Utsav truly is planned as a colorful extravaganza worth experiencing.
- Ganesh Chaturthi Fair:-
Ganesh Chaturthi Fair is the largest fair of Sawai Madhopur. It is organised for 3 days on Bhadav Shukla Chaturthi at Ganesh Temple, Ranthambore Fort. This is a very popular fair in Rajasthan. People of Rajasthan and outside Rajasthan come to visit specifically for this event. Every year 3–4 lacs devotees participate in this fair.
- Chauth Mata Fair:-
It is one of the largest fair of Sawai Madhopur. This fair is held in month of January, at Chauth Mata temple in Chauth Ka Barwara. It is also a big fair of Rajasthan. Chauth Mata temple is situated in Chauta Ka Barwara Tehsil. It is about 22 Km. far from sawai madhopur. Not only bus but also rail transport is also available to rech Chauth Ka Barwara. Every year 2–3 lacks devotees participates in this fair.
- Shiwar Fair:-I
It is one of the largest fair of Sawai Madhopur. Shiwar is situated in Chauth ka abarwara tehsil. bus & rail transport is available for Shiwar Fair. Every year 2–3 lacks devotees participates in this fair.
- Places of Interest:-
- Ranthambore National Park:- Ranthambhore
is one of the largest national parks in northern India, covering an area of 392 km². It is situated in the Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan, about 110 km northeast of Kota and 160 km southeast of Jaipur, which is also the nearest airport. The nearest town and railway station is atSawai Madhopur, about 11 km away. The park is also close to the Kota railway station. RIDCOR operates a mega-highway between Kota and Ranthambore. Ranthambore National Park lies at the edge of a plateau and is bounded to the north by the Banas River and to the south by the Chambal River. It is named after the historic Ranthambore fortress, which lies within the park.
Ranthambhore was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Government of India and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambore became a national park in 1980. In 1984, the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include the Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries. Ranthambore wildlife sanctuary is known for its tigers and is one of the best places in India to see these animals in their natural jungle habitat. Tigers can be easily spotted even in the daytime. The best times for tiger sightings at Ranthambore National Park are in November and May. The park's deciduous forests are characteristic examples of the type of jungle found in Central India. Other major wild animals include leopard, nilgai, wild boar, sambar, hyena, sloth bear, southern plains gray langur, rhesus macaque, and chital. The sanctuary is home to a wide variety of trees, plants, birds and reptiles, as well as one of the largest banyan trees in India. Ranthambore National Park is about 13 km. far from sawai madhopur railway station. The history of Sawai Madhopur revolves around the Ranthambore fort. Surrounded by Vindhyas and Aravalis, amidst vast and arid denuded tracts of Rajasthan, lies this oasis of biomass in an ecological desert, the Great Ranthambore. No one knows when this fort was built.The strength and inaccessibility of the fort was a challenge to the ambitions of the rulers of the ancient and medieval India, particularly those of Delhi and Agra. The eminent ruler of the fort was Rao Hamir who ruled around 1296 A.D. History relates that none of the rulers had a peaceful spell in spite of its strong geographical strength. Remnants of marvellous architectural monuments, ponds and lakes enlighten avid lover of the subject. The soul of this great fort inspires patriotism, valour, and love. Every part reflects the ancient character of Indian culture and philosophy. There are various places of historical interest inside the fort namely Toran Dwar, Mahadeo Chhatri, Sameton Ki Haveli, 32 pillared Chhatri, Mosque and the Ganesh Temple
Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History:- Foundation Stone Laying Ceremony of Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History Sawai Madhopur,Rajasthan was done by Shri.M.Hamid Ansari Hon'ble Vice President of India on Date: 23 December 2007.The Rajiv Gandhi Regional Museum of Natural History, Sawai Madhopur is conceived to be an informal center for environmental education and creation of public awareness on conservation of nature and natural resources. The museum proposes to undertake the task of communication and creating public awareness through the potential medium of exhibits and educational activities. It would provide an understanding of the diversity of life on earth, the factors responsible for their well-being, man's dependence upon nature and the necessity to maintain our ecological heritage free from damage and destruction to ensure sustainable development, with special emphasis on the Western Arid region of India
- Shilpgram:- It is the Rural Arts and Crafts Complex. The Rural Arts and Crafts Complex is conceived as a living ethnographic museum to depict the lifestyles of the folk and tribal people of the West Zone. Within this complex, huts of the member states are constructed incorporating traditional architectural features of different geographical and ethnic groups residing within the West Zone of India comprising five Federal States. One of the important objectives of Shilpgram is in the sphere of increasing awareness and knowledge of rural life and crafts, specifically for the younger generation. Special emphasis is laid on workshops for children on arts, crafts, theatre and music.