The history of Sawai Madhopur revolves around the Ranthambore fort. The settlement around the fort is the oldest here. Though the origin of the fort is not exactly known it is believed to date back to the 8th century. According to popular belief, it was built by Rajput King Sapaldaksha in the year 944 AD. He belonged to the Chauhan clan. According to another school of thought, the fort was constructed by King Jayant. He too was a Rajput Chauhan in around 1110 AD. However, the most popular belief is that the construction of the fort commenced during the mid-10th century and it continued for the next few centuries. From the day of its conception till prior to independence the fort went from one ruler to another.